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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

This is also referred to as Rehabilitation Medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with diagnosing and treating patients with impairments and/or disabilities which involve musculoskeletal, neurologic, or cardiovascular systems. The primary focus is on maximal restoration of physical, psychological, and vocational function and alleviation of pain. For diagnosis and evaluation, a physiatrist may include the techniques of electromyography and electrodiagnosis as supplements to the standard history, physical, x-ray, and laboratory examinations. In addition to traditional treatment modes, the specialist in physical medicine and rehabilitation may use therapeutic exercises, prosthetics, orthotics, and mechanical and electrical devices.